Children’s Day is celebrated on different dates in different countries across the world. While International Children’s Day is observed on June 1st, Universal Children’s Day is marked on 20th November. These dates too vary from nation to nation. The first International Children’s Day was observed by Turkey in 1920 and then by Switzerland in 1925. Universal Children’s Day has a similar history to narrate. The idea was first laid by V.K. Krishna Menon, which was later adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1954. Until 1959, this day was observed in the month of October after which it was changed to 20th November. As far as India is concerned, Children’s Day is commemorated on 14th November, as it marks the birth anniversary of Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru. Read on to know the origin and background of Children’s Day in India.
In India, Children's Day is celebrated on 14 November, the birthday of the country's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Jawaharlal Nehru, who was fondly called Chacha Nehru (Uncle Nehru) or Chaffinch (Uncle) by the kids, emphasized the importance of giving love and affection to children, whom he saw as the bright future of India. He wanted to enhance the progress of Indian youth for which he established education institutes like AIIMS, Indian Institute of Technology. It is well known that Jawaharlal Nehru admired 2 things one of which is rose and the other were children. To give him tribute, India celebrates this festival 14 November, the day of his birthday.
Origin Of Children’s Day:
20th November marks the anniversary of the “Declaration of the Rights of the Child” that was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1959. Furthermore, in 1989, on the same day, the Convention on the Rights of the child was signed. The main motive behind this convention was to promote child welfare and communal exchange between them all over the world. In India, Children’s Day was first celebrated in 1964 after Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru’s death. Nehru’s birth anniversary is commemorated as Children’s Day on 14th November every year.
Nehru was extremely fond of children and considered them to be the nation’s future. Nehru also played a significant role in the long freedom struggle to get India independent. Moreover, Nehru became India’s first Prime Minister after India achieved its independence. Hence, 14th November is not only commemorated as Children’s day, it also pays a tribute to the great and eminent politician and leader who fought for India’s independence. The occasion is marked by various cultural programs and events organized by schools and educational institutions across India.
The occasion is celebrated throughout India with immense fun, fervor and enthusiasm. Students are encouraged to participate in various activities, such as singing, dancing, story telling, elocutions, painting, art and crafts, and so on. It gives all the children of India to enjoy the freedom of childhood. Many Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) also organize programs for the poor and deprived children. These days, a number of special programs are aired on the television and radio for kids.